African Swine Fever (ASF) is caused by the African swine fever virus (ASFV). This highly contagious haemorrhagic disease affects domestic pigs and wild boar. There is no effective vaccine or treatment available, and infection can cause up to 100% mortality. As a result, infected animals must be slaughtered, causing serious economic and production losses.

The clinical signs of ASF is very similar to other diseases such as Classical swine fever and can only be differentiated by laboratory tests.

ASF is a disease listed in the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) Terrestrial Animal Health Code and must be reported to the OIE.